Pneumonia Symptoms Causes and Risk Factors

Pneumonia facts

  • Pneumoniais inflammation of the airspaces in the lungs, most commonly due to an infection.
  • Pneumonia may be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi.
  • The most common bacterial type that causes pneumonia is Streptococcuspneumoniae.

Signs and symptoms of pneumonia include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is acquired outside of the health-care setting and is typically less severe than hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP).
  • About 20% of those with CAP require treatment in a hospital.
  • Antibiotics treat pneumonia by controlling the bacterial or fungal infection. The initialchoice of antibioticdepends on the organism presumed to be causing the infection as well as local patterns of antibiotic resistance.
  • Pneumonia can be fatal in up to 30% of severe cases that are managed in the intensive-care setting.
  • Complications of pneumonia include sepsis, pleural effusion, and empyema.
  • Influenzaand respiratory syncytial virus(RSV) are the most common viral causes of pneumonia.
  • A chest X-rayis typically done to diagnose pneumonia.

Risk factors for pneumonia include age over 65 or under 2, having certain chronic medical conditions (including underlying lung disease, cigarettesmoking, alcoholism, and neurological problems), or sustaining injuries that interfere with swallowing orcoughing.


  • Pneumonia is an inflammation of the airspaces in the lung most commonly caused by infections. Bacteria, viruses, or fungi can cause the infection. There are also a few noninfectious types of pneumonia that are caused by inhaling or aspirating foreign matter or toxic substances into the lungs.
  • Common in elderly people and often occurs when the immune systembecomes weakened via a prior infection or another condition.
  • Pneumonia is generally more serious when it affects older adults, infants and young children, those with chronic medical conditions, or those with weakened immune function. 

Types of Pneumonia:

Pneumonia can be classified in different ways. Doctors often refer to pneumonia based upon the way that the infection is acquired, such as community-acquired pneumonia or hospital-acquired pneumonia.

  • Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), as the name implies, develops outside of the hospital or health-care environment. It is more common than hospital-acquired pneumonia.
  • Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is acquired when an individual is already hospitalized for another condition. HAP is generally more serious because it develops in ill patients already hospitalized. Being on a ventilator for respiratory support increases the risk of acquiring HAP.
  • Other classification systems for pneumonia describe the way the inflammatory

cells infiltrate the lung tissue or the appearance of the affected tissue (see the following examples).

  • Bronchopneumonia causes scattered, patchy infiltrates of inflammation in the air sacs throughout the lungs. It is more diffuse than lobar pneumonia.
  • Lobar pneumonia causes an inflammation of one lobe of a lung and typically involves all the airspaces in a single lobe.
  • Lipoid pneumonia is characterized by the accumulation of fatswithin the airspaces. It can be caused by aspiration of oils or associated with airway
  • Sometimes, types of pneumonia are referred to by the type of organism that causes the inflammation, such as bacterial pneumonia, viral pneumonia, or fungal pneumonia. The specific organism name may also be used to describe the types of pneumonia, such as pneumococcal (Streptococcus pneumoniae) pneumonia or Legionella
  • Other types of pneumonia that are commonly referenced include the following:
  • Aspiration pneumonia develops as a result of inhaling food or drink, saliva, or vomit into the lungs. This occurs when the swallowing reflex is impaired, such as with brain injuryor in an intoxicated person.
  • Several types of bacteria, including Legionella pneumophilaMycoplasma pneumoniae, and Chlamydophilapneumoniae, cause atypical pneumonia. It is sometimes called “walkingpneumonia” and is referred to as atypical because its symptoms differ from those of other types of bacterial pneumonia.
  • Pneumonia that arises from being on a ventilator for respiratory support in the intensive-care setting is known as ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Causes of Pneumonia:

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae, a type of bacteria, is the most common cause of pneumonia.Legionella pneumophilais the bacterial type that causes the pneumonia known as Legionnaires’ disease. Other bacteria types that can cause pneumonia include the bacteria that cause so-called “atypical” pneumonia, Legionella pneumophilaMycoplasma pneumoniae, and Chlamydophila pneumonia.
  • The most common cause of viral pneumonia in adults is the influenza virus. A number of different respiratory viruses cause pneumonia in children, such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). While viral pneumonia tends to be less severe than bacterial pneumonia, there is a risk of developing secondary bacterial pneumonia when viral pneumonia is present. Other virus types that can cause pneumonia include emeaslesandvaricella (chickenpox) viruses. Rarely, certain viruses may develop lethal pneumonias such as SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) or MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome); both diseases are caused by different coronaviruses.
  • Fungi that cause pneumonia includeCryptococcus,Histoplasma, and Coccidioides. In most cases, these organisms don’t cause illness, but they can cause pneumonia in some people. Fungal infections are most common in those with weakened immune systems due toHIV/AIDS or those taking medications that suppress immune function. Another infection that is considered a fungal type of pneumonia is Pneumocystis jiroveci, formerly known as Pneumocystis carinii. This organism became known as a frequent cause of pneumonia in patients with HIV/AIDS. 

Symptoms and Signs of pneumonia

Symptoms and signs of pneumonia may be mild or severe and depend upon someone’s overall state of health as well as the type of organism causing the pneumonia. Severe symptoms include

  • Cough
  • Chest Painwhen breathing or coughing
  • Labored breathing or shortness of breath
  • Coughing up phlegm
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Nausea& vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Other possible symptoms that can accompany the respiratory symptoms.
  • Infants and newborns may not show specific symptoms of pneumonia.
  • Instead, they may appear restless or lethargic. They may have a fever or cough or vomit.
  • Older adults or those who have weak immune systems may also have fewer symptoms and a lower temperature.
  • A change in mental status, such as confusion, can develop in older adults with pneumonia.

Complications of Pneumonia:

  • There are a number of potential complications of pneumonia.
  • The infection that causes pneumonia can spread to the bloodstream, causing sepsis. Sepsis is a serious condition that can result in lowering of blood pressure and failure of oxygen to reach the tissues of the body..
  • Another complication is the accumulation of fluid in the space between the lung tissue and the chest wall lining, known as apleural effusion.
  • The organisms responsible for the pneumonia may infect the fluid in a pleural effusion, known as an empyema.
  • Pneumonia can also result in the formation of anabscess(collection of pus) within the lungs or airways.



A blister is a bubble of fluid under the skin. The clear, watery liquid inside a blister is called serum. It leaks in from neighboring tissues as a reaction to injured skin. If the blister remains unopened, serum can provide natural protection for the skin beneath it. Small blisters are called vesicles. Those larger than half an inch are called bullae. A blood blister is filled with blood, rather than serum.

Causes of blisters

Blisters are most often caused by skin being damaged by friction or heat. Certain medical conditions also cause blisters to appear.

The damaged upper layer of skin (epidermis) tears away from the layers beneath and fluid (serum) collects in the space to create a blister.


Friction blisters are common in people who are very active, such as sports players and those in the military. They’re usually caused by poor-fitting shoes. A blister can develop if the skin is rubbed for a long period or if there’s intense rubbing over shorter periods.

Friction blisters often occur on the feet and hands, which can rub against shoes and handheld equipment, such as tools or sports equipment. Blisters also form more easily on moist skin and are more likely to occur in warm conditions.

Skin Reaction

Blisters can appear when skin is exposed to excessive heat – for example, when you have sunburn. Blisters can sometimes form when your skin comes into contact with substances such as cosmetics, detergents and solvents.

Medical Conditions

A number of medical conditions may cause blisters. The most common are:

  • Chickenpox:A childhood illness that causes itchy red spots.
  • Cold Sores:Small blisters that develop on the lips or around the mouth, caused by a virus.
  • Herpes:A sexually transmitted infection (STI)that most commonly affects the groin.
  • Impetigo:A contagious bacterial skin infection.
  • Pompholyx:A type of eczema.
  • Scabies:A skin condition, caused by tiny mites, which may lead to blisters developing on young children’s feet or palms of their hands.
  • Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease:A viral infection that usually affects young children.

Several Rarer Conditions Can also Cause Blisters.

They are

Bullous pemphigoid: A skin disease that causes large blisters and usually affects people over 60 years of age.

  • Pemphigus VulgarisA serious skin condition where blisters develop if pressure is applied to the skin; the blisters burst easily, leaving raw areas that can become infected.
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis: A skin condition that causes intensely itchy blisters, usually on the elbows, knees, back and buttocks; blisters usually develop in patches of the same shape and size on both sides of the body.
  • EpidermolysisBullosaA group of rare inherited skin disorders that cause the skin to become very fragile; any trauma or friction to the skin can cause painful blisters.
  • Chronic Bullous Dermatosis of Childhood: A condition that causes clusters of blisters to develop on the face, mouth or genitals.
  • Bullous IchthyosiformErythroderma: A type of icthyosis someone is born with, which causes inflamed, scaly skin with blisters.


In general, blisters are round or oval bubbles of fluid under the skin that may be painful or itchy, or they may not cause any symptoms. Symptoms vary depending on the cause.

  • Irritation, burns and allergies:Blisters caused by friction or burns are usually painful. Blisters resulting from eczema can be accompanied by redness, severe itching and small bumps on the affected skin.
  • Infections:When blisters are caused by an infection, the symptoms depend on the type of infection. Examples include:
  • Bullous impetigo:The affected skin can redden, and the blisters may burst easily.
  • Herpes simplex virus:When herpes simplex type 1 is the cause, the tiny blisters commonly are known as fever blisters or cold sores. They typically appear on the lips. The affected skin may itch, tingle, swell and become red before the blisters appear. When the blisters eventually break, they leak fluid, and then painful sores develop. Herpes simplex type 2 is the most common cause of genital herpes, a sexually transmitted infection (although type 1 also can cause genital herpes). Generally, small red bumps appear before blisters develop in the affected area, typically the vaginal area or penis, the buttocks and thighs, or the anus. Other symptoms can include fever, muscle aches, headache and burning with urination.
  • Varicella zoster virus: When this virus causes chickenpox, the infection starts with a diffuse, itchy rash that develops quickly into itchy blisters. Varicella zoster also can cause shingles (herpes zoster). People with shingles may experience small, painful blisters that usually erupt in a linear pattern along the length of an infected nerve.
  • Coxsackievirus: Coxsackievirus A16 can cause a condition commonly called hand-foot-and-mouth disease, in which painful blisters often occur on the hands, on the soles of the feet and in the mouth.
  • Skin diseases: Erythema multiforme typically causes blisters on the palms of the hands, the forearms, the soles of the feet, and on the mucous membranes in the eyes, nose, mouth and genitals. Other symptoms include fever, sore throat, cough and muscle pain. The autoimmune diseases (also known as bullous diseases because of the large blisters seen) vary in appearance as well. Dermatitis herpetiformis causes itchy, red bumps or blisters. Pemphigoid, an uncommon condition that primarily affects the elderly, results in large, itchy blisters, and pemphigus, an uncommon disease that tends to strike in middle age, causes blisters inside the mouth and on the surface of the skin. The blisters of pemphigus break easily and leave painful areas.

Typhoid Fever Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

The Facts on Typhoid:

  • Typhoid, also known as typhoid fever or enteric fever.
  • Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria.
  • Typhoid fever is rare in industrialized countries.
  • However, it remains a serious health threat in the developing world, especially for children.
  • Typhoid is usually curable, but some bacterial strains are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics.
  • If untreated, about 10% to 16% of people with typhoid will die. This drops to less than 1% when people aretreated promptly.
  • Typhoid fever spreads through contaminated food and water or through close contact with someone who’s infected.
  • Signs and symptoms usually include high fever, headache, abdominal pain, and either constipation or diarrhea.
  • Most people with typhoid fever feel better within a few days of starting antibiotic treatment, although a small number of them may die of complications.
  • Vaccines against typhoid fever are available, but they’re only partially effective.
  • Vaccines usually are reserved for those who may be exposed to the disease or are traveling to areas where typhoid fever is common.

Causes of Typhoid:

  • Typhoid is usually transmitted by water or food, in much the same way as cholera.People who are infected excrete live bacteria in their feces and urine. They are usually contagious for a few days before any symptoms develop, so they don’t know they need to take extra precautions. If they don’t wash their hands properly, the typhoid bacillus can be transferred to food or water and from there to another person. Also, it can be spread directly from person to person via contaminated fingers.
  • About 3% of infected people (treated or not) become asymptomatic carriers ofSalmonella typhi. This means that they continue to shed bacteria in their feces for at least a year and often for life but don’t have any symptoms of typhoid. There are a small number of typhoid carriers in every country.
  • Typhoid fever is caused by virulent bacteria called Salmonella typhi (S. typhi). Although they’re related, S. typhi and the bacteria responsible for salmonellosis, another serious intestinal infection, aren’t the same.


Symptoms usually appear 1 or 2 weeks after infection but may take as long as 3 weeks to appear. Early symptoms include fever, general ill-feeling and abdominal pain. High fever (103°F, or 39.5°C) or higher and severe diarrhea occurs as the disease gets worse.

Some people with typhoid fever develop a rash called “rose spots,” which are small red spots on the abdomen and chest.

Other symptoms that occur include:

  • Abdominal tenderness
  • Agitation
  • Bloody stools
  • Chills
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty paying attention (attention deficit)
  • Delirium
  • Fluctuating mood
  • Hallucinations
  • Nosebleeds
  • Severe fatigue
  • Slow, sluggish,lethargicfeeling
  • Weakness
  • With antibiotic treatment, symptoms start to subside after 5 to 7 days,but without treatment they continue to get worse for several weeks, and more than 10% of untreated people may die.
  • A small number of people who recover from typhoid may have a relapse of their symptoms just a few weeks later. The second bout tends to be less severe than the first, and clears up quickly with further treatment.
  • Many people suffer from mild intestinal bleeding, but it is severe in only a small minority of cases. The main way typhoid kills is by causing perforation of the small intestines, causing bacteria to pour into the abdominal cavity. This condition is calledperitonitis, and is often fatal.
  • Other complications of typhoid occur when a large number of bacteria get into the bloodstream, causingbacteremia. They can travel to the lungs, causing pneumonia, or to the lining of the brain (meningitis), the bones (osteomyelitis), the heart valves (endocarditis), the kidneys (glomerulonephritis), the genital or urinary tract, or the muscles. Hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) can also occur.

Diagnosing Typhoid:

Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and perform a physical examination. If your doctor suspects typhoid fever, it is diagnosed by culturing a blood or stool sample and, in rare instances, bone marrow. A blood test that checks for antibodies can be used to make a diagnosis. However, this test is not very accurate. Your doctor may do other tests to rule out other conditions that cause symptoms similar to typhoid.

Exams and test:

complete blood count (CBC) will show a high number of white blood cells.

blood culture during the first week of the fever can show S. typhibacteria.

Other tests that can help diagnose this condition include:

  • ELISA urine test to look for the bacteria that cause Typhoid fever
  • Fluorescent antibody study to look for substances that are specific to Typhoid bacteria
  • Platelet count(platelet count may be low)
  • Stool culture 


Typhoid is treated with antibiotics (e.g., ceftriaxone, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin),* which usually clear up symptoms in less than a week. People with severe typhoid also may be treated with glucocorticoids such as dexamethasone.

Very few people die of typhoid if they are properly treated. However, they are likely to be infectious for at least a week after symptoms pass. Some people remain infectious, excreting the organisms in the stool, for 3 months or more. The long-term carrier state is unlikely to occur except for those with gallbladder disease.

Careful hand-washing after bowel movements and prior to food handling will help prevent the spread of typhoid. Carriers may be treated with antibiotics for 4 to 6 weeks.

Typhoid fever can be acquired almost anywhere in the world, but it is very rare in developed countries. You have a higher risk of getting typhoid fever if you travel to developing areas such as Asia, Africa, and Latin America. 


Preventing typhoid is all about avoiding contaminated food and water. The same healthy practices will also help protect you from diseases such as cholera and hepatitis A, which are transmitted in the same way. Follow these guidelines to minimize your risk:

  • Boil or disinfect all water before drinking it – use disinfectant tablets or liquid available in pharmacies or drink commercially bottled (preferably carbonated) beverages.
  • Peel all fruit and vegetable skins before eating.
  • Keep flies away from food.
  • Watch out for ice cubes, ice cream, and unpasteurized milk, which can easily be contaminated.
  • Cook all food thoroughly and eat it while it’s hot.
  • Be aware of the “danger foods” – shellfish, salads, and raw fruit and vegetables.
  • Do not eat food or drink beverages from street vendors.
  • At present, vaccinations against typhoid provide about 50% protection for 3 to 7 years– the duration of protection depends on the vaccine used. The vaccine is available as an oral capsule and as an injection. Your doctor will determine what form is best for you or your children. Even vaccinated people must follow the food safety tips listed above. It is best to be immunized at least 7 to 14 days before possible exposure (depending on the vaccine used).


Managed care is a big part of health care today. The main question is whether it is the best way to control health care costs. Becausesometimes managed health care can be advantageous or other times it may be disadvantages. We will look at both the advantages and disadvantages of managed health care.


Most people who have managed care health insurance don’t even understand the concept or why they might be better or worse than ordinary insurance plans.

In managed health care insurance, mainly companies attempt to control the cost of health care for employers by introducing specific guidelines or protocols health care professionals must follow and improve the ways both employees and employers select their medical providers and facilities.

The assumption is the plan will allow a financial accounting that shows the results of various medical treatments in both patient responses and quality of life issues. 


Currently there are three different types of managed health care plans are available.

They are as follows:

  • Heal Maintenance Organizations (HMO)
  • Preferred Provider Organizations (PPO)
  • And Point of Service plans (POS)

Each is a little different from the other. The main features of these plans are to provide the same basic service i.e. managed health care.


  • Lower Cost
  • The first and main advantage of managed healthcareis the lower costs associated with them.
  • The aim of managedhealth care is to keep healthcare costs down without sacrificing quality.
  • This is a great benefit of these types of health care plans.
  • This is accomplished through the contracts that are set up with doctors and hospitals.

Accredited Care

  • Another advantage seen by many in managedcareis the network of health care providers that are readily available to them.
  • All the doctors and health care providers that are contracted through managed health care plans have to pass a very in depth accreditation process in order to be approved for their network of care providers.
  • This is important to members in that it gives them peace of mind to know that they are in good hands

Cheaper Prescriptions

  • Along with the initial visits, medications are also covered underneath these plans.
  • For many, this is the main reason for appeal to these managed care plans.
  • This greatly reduces the cost of already expensive medications.
  • Some people need medications in order to live a healthy life, and many of these medications are ridiculously high priced.


  • Restricted Care
  • Since you can only visit doctors that are in your managed health care provider’s network.
  • So your options get limited, as to who you can see.
  • Many doctors are instantly out of your reach with these plans.
  • Strict Approval
  • Insurance companies are businesses, meaning their primary goal is to make a profit.
  • Because of this, the things that they are willing to fully cover, or cover at all, are very strict.
  • Pre-approval is required before starting treatment.
  • You must tell an insurance company representative about your problem to be approved, no matter how embarrassed you are to talk about it.
  • You may have to wait weeks for an appointment.
  • You must receive authorization for all treatment.
  • Many people with preexisting health conditions and problems are out of luck. 

Referral Problems

  • It is not uncommon for a doctor to refer you a specialist when a problem is out of his scope of practice.
  • They do not concern themselves with finding out if that doctor is in your care network, meaning you cannot go to see them, and if you do the cost will come fully out of pocket.
  • While many people criticize the quality of care and the ethical practice of managed care providers, the fact remains, they provide a great service to many people.
  • Without health insurance even the most minor of illnesses can cause an incredible amount of financial stress.




  • The liver is a most complex, very important and metabolically active organ in the body.
  • The liver works hard to filter out toxins.
  • Liver is the largest organ inside your body.
  • It performs more than 500 vital functions.
  • It is also a gland because it secretes chemicals that are used by other parts of the body.

liver problem

Functions of the Liver:

The liver has four main functions:

  • Detoxification
  • Synthesis
  • Storage
  • Transformation

It helps your body to digest food, to store energy, and removethe poisons.

Some of the important ones are

  • Liver provides immunityagainst infection.
  • Liver is the manufacturing factoryfor most of the important proteins in the body, and also cholesterol and special fat forms called lipoproteins in which all body fats are carried.
  • Liver purified and clearsthe blood of most chemicals, alcohol and drugs.
  • Liver excretes bile. Bile is vital for digestion of fats in the intestine, and also serves to throw out body wastes.
  • It regulates by manufacturing vital proteins and inhibits the formation of clottingof blood.
  • Liverstores and converts extra sugar (glucose) in the form of starch (glycogen) which can be used in times of starvation.

What makes the liver unique?

  • Reserve
    All liver functions remain normal even if 70% of it is removed (provided the remaining 30% is healthy). Hence, in persons with cancer of the liver, large portions of cancerous liver can be removed without causing harm or compromise to liver function.
  • Regeneration
    The liver is the only organ in the body which can regenerate itself after large portions of it are removed. InfactSmall remnants of liver grow back to normal size within a few weeks. Because of this reason it is safe to remove large portions of liver from living donors and persons with liver tumours. 

Common Triggers               

Liver disease can affect the body and lead to other health problems. Liver disease is often triggered by other chronic conditions such as Hepatitis C, AIDS or EBV. Liver disease can also cause a person to become weak and tired continually.When a person has liver disease, his skin may become yellow because of jaundice. When excess bilirubin brought on by liver congestion it causes the Jaundice. This is something that happens quite often in newborns. However, people who have other chronic conditions such as Hepatitis C can also develop jaundice because their liver is not functioning properly

Different types of Liver disease:

There are more than 100 different forms of liver disease that affect men, women and children.

Alcohol abuse

  • Alcohol abuse is the most common cause of liver disease.
  • As alcohol is directly toxic to liver cells and can cause liver inflammation.
  • It is also referred as alcoholic hepatitis.
  • Inchronic alcohol abuse there is a fat accumulation occurs in liver cells.



Scarring of the liver and loss of functioning liver cells cause the liver to fail.

  • Cirrhosisis a late-stage of liver disease.
  • Drug-induced liver disease


  • Liver cells may become temporarily inflamed or permanently damaged by exposure to medications or drugs.
  • Infectious hepatitis


The term “hepatitis” means inflammation, and liver cells can become inflamed because of infection.

  • Hepatitis Ais a viral infection that is spread primarily through the fecal-oral route when small amounts of infected fecal matter are inadvertently ingested.
  • Hepatitis Bis spread by exposure to body fluids and can cause an acute infection, it can also progress to cause chronic inflammation (chronic hepatitis) that can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer.
  • Hepatitis C is spread by exposure to body fluids.Hepatitis Ccauses chronic hepatitis. Chronic hepatitis C may lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer.As there is no vaccine available for this virus.
  • Hepatitis D is a virus that requires concomitant infection with hepatitis B to survive, and is spread via body fluid exposure (needles from drug abusers, contaminated blood, and sexual contact).
  • Hepatitis E is a virus that is spread when there is exposure to contaminated food and water.


  • Non-Alcoholic fatty liver disease


  • NASH or non-alcoholic steatohepatitisalso known as fatty liver disease describes the accumulation of fat within the liver that can cause inflammation of the liver and a gradual decrease in liver function.
  • Cancers


  • Primary cancers of the liver arise from liver structures and cells.
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis


  • Primary biliary cirrhosis can lead to progressive scarring of the bile ducts.
  • It is causing them to become narrow, these results in reduced bile flow through the liver.
  • Eventually, damage and scarring of the liver architecture occurs resulting in liver failure.

How the Body is affected?

  • When the liver is not able to filter out the toxins due to this the other organs are affected.
  • Due to these toxins person have a lot of fatigue.
  • It also causes different liver disease.
  • Liver disease can also cause the abdomen to protrude outward because the liver can become inflamed and enlarged.
  • As liver disease can cause a person to develop anemia or large bruises on their body.
  • According to the American liver Foundation, a person with liver disease may also notice that they have more body fluid retention, swelling, body aches and even excessive itching.
  • Liver disease can also cause a person to have aeczema,psoriasis,headaches,age spots, yellow or white tongue, acne and a weak immune system.
  • The good news is that some forms of liver disease such as fatty liver can be reversed with certain lifestyle changes, which involve removing alcohol and other fatty foods from the diet only to replace those fatty foods with healthy fruits, vegetables and herbs.

Why Some Women Have Difficulty Losing Weight

Every one of us is very known to the fact that men and women have different body build. this fact makes easy for men to loose weight and hard for women. You may have seen men asking their doctors about losing weight and the advice usually given involves better eating better and more exercise will help. This advice, if honestly followed, will probably work for many men. Moreover, simply exercising will often work. Continue reading



Maintaining good oral hygiene through brushing and flossing your teeth is one of the most effective ways to prevent tooth decay.

Tooth decay is preventing by making some simple changes in your diet.tooth decay


Brush your teeth for at least two minutes last thing at night before you go to bed and on one other occasion every day. It is also important you brush your teeth in the right way. Don’t brush your teeth straight after a meal as it can damage your teeth. After an hour you can brush your teeth as saliva chance the environment as saliva to neutralize the acid. Continue reading