How Does a Broken Heart Physically Affect the Body ?

Broken heart syndrome, also known as stress cardiomyopathy, is a sudden weakness in the heart muscle due to a severely stressful situation. It has the same symptoms as heart attack difficulty breathing, chest pain and a drop in blood pressure but while a heart attack permanently damages the heart, broken heart syndrome‘s effects are temporary.

Chemical Changes

  • When a person falls in love, the “happy” chemical dopamine and the “trust” chemical oxytocin increase to very high levels.
  • Critical thinking shuts down, caution is thrown to the wind and one becomes blind to her lover’s faults.
  • At times, it seems as if the lover is the only thing that matters.
  • People become “addicted” to these chemical rushes much the same as one can become addicted to drugs such as cocaine, amphetamines, heroin, morphine and oxycontin.
  • When a relationship ends, the body is in withdrawal from these chemicals.
  • The circuits in the brain that are involved in love and loss are really a motivational system.
  • A person who has been dumped is experiencing the same irrational and involuntary brain state as a person deprived of food, water or a drug.
  • Mania and an obsession with regaining what has been lost may set in. The circuits of fear and anxiety are also at full throttle, as oxytocin levels decrease.

Physiological Changes

  • Being dumped also has effects on the autonomic nervous system.
  • The chemical changes cause physiological variations in heart rate, blood flow, blood pressure and digestion.
  • The stress hormone cortisol runs high, weakening the immune system and bringing fatigue and sickness.
  • Loss of romantic love ignites the same brain circuits as physical pain.
  • Thus, the notion of a heart breaking is not simply a metaphor. Loss can create very real pain in the body.

Symptoms

  • The physical and chemical changes brought about by the loss of romantic love can create a cycle of symptoms.
  • If the heart does not heal quickly, symptoms can begin to build upon one another, creating more and more problems.
  • Many people nursing a broken heart withdraw from social activities and sink into depression.
  • The sleep cycle is thrown off as the person either lies in bed all day or develops insomnia.
  • Frequently, there are also disturbances in eating patterns.
  • Some people will stop eating while others may overeat or tend to overindulge in very unhealthy foods.
  • The constant nagging pain of loss may also lead to constant, uncontrollable crying, and an inability to work or concentrate on any task.
  • These debilitating symptoms can have adverse effects on all areas of life.
  • It is important for someone who has just had her heart broken to keep a social support system. It may also be helpful to look at the benefits of singlehood.
  • Many people find that after the initial shock of the breakup has passed, they have a newfound energy.
  • The freedom, independence and sense of accomplishment that come with doing it all on your own can be revitalizing.

THE EFFECT OF BROKEN HEART ON BODY:

  • IMMUNE SYSTEM
  • The stress of rejection might agitate your body’s immune system, leading to cell-damaging inflammation.
  • The parts of your immune system that fight infection and keep viruses under control start to lose steam. You may get sick or develop a cold sore.
  • BRAIN
    • The anguish experienced during a spilt activates the same part of the brain that is stimulated during addiction.
    • Brain scan of the broken hearted found similarities between romantic rejection and cocaine craving.
    • We also go through a similar bereavement process during a break up as when someone has died.
    • This is typically shock, denial, grief, anger, blame, self-blame,helplessness,fear of the future,depression and the acceptance.
  • EYES
    • Emotional tears are more watery and less salty than everyday tears. This means they cause water to move into the saltier tissues around the eyes by osmosis, making them swell up and look puffy.
  • HEART ATTACK
    • Cardiologist say it is not uncommon to see people dying of the heart attack within the first fortnight after a break-up with raised adrenaline levels the body goes into fight or flight mode and the stress can cause sudden heart attack and death.
  • CHEST PAIN
  • Intense emotional pain can activate the same networks of nerves as physical pain so being rejected or grieving over a lost love can actually really hurt and feel a bit like being punched.
  • STOMACH
    • Stress causes weight gain, especially around the middle.
    • It also causes the body to crave sugar and fat, which leads to mindless eating.
    • Your stressed-out nervous system signals your digestion to slow down.
    • You may also suffer with zero appetite.
  • SKIN
    • Stress and depression is linked with a deterioration of psoriasis, eczema, alopecia and even acne.
  • HAIR
    • Some of the hair follicles on your head could enter a state called “Telogen Effluvium”.
    • That’s medspeak for “resting phase,” in which your strands stop growing or, after a while, start falling out.
  • LEGS

People who have gone through a divorce are more likely to suffer from mobility issue such as difficulty climbing stairs or walking short distance stress from a breakup can also cause muscle spasm and tightness

Pneumonia Symptoms Causes and Risk Factors

Pneumonia facts

  • Pneumoniais inflammation of the airspaces in the lungs, most commonly due to an infection.
  • Pneumonia may be caused by viruses, bacteria, or fungi.
  • The most common bacterial type that causes pneumonia is Streptococcuspneumoniae.

Signs and symptoms of pneumonia include:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is acquired outside of the health-care setting and is typically less severe than hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP).
  • About 20% of those with CAP require treatment in a hospital.
  • Antibiotics treat pneumonia by controlling the bacterial or fungal infection. The initialchoice of antibioticdepends on the organism presumed to be causing the infection as well as local patterns of antibiotic resistance.
  • Pneumonia can be fatal in up to 30% of severe cases that are managed in the intensive-care setting.
  • Complications of pneumonia include sepsis, pleural effusion, and empyema.
  • Influenzaand respiratory syncytial virus(RSV) are the most common viral causes of pneumonia.
  • A chest X-rayis typically done to diagnose pneumonia.

Risk factors for pneumonia include age over 65 or under 2, having certain chronic medical conditions (including underlying lung disease, cigarettesmoking, alcoholism, and neurological problems), or sustaining injuries that interfere with swallowing orcoughing.

Pneumonia:

  • Pneumonia is an inflammation of the airspaces in the lung most commonly caused by infections. Bacteria, viruses, or fungi can cause the infection. There are also a few noninfectious types of pneumonia that are caused by inhaling or aspirating foreign matter or toxic substances into the lungs.
  • Common in elderly people and often occurs when the immune systembecomes weakened via a prior infection or another condition.
  • Pneumonia is generally more serious when it affects older adults, infants and young children, those with chronic medical conditions, or those with weakened immune function. 

Types of Pneumonia:

Pneumonia can be classified in different ways. Doctors often refer to pneumonia based upon the way that the infection is acquired, such as community-acquired pneumonia or hospital-acquired pneumonia.

  • Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), as the name implies, develops outside of the hospital or health-care environment. It is more common than hospital-acquired pneumonia.
  • Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is acquired when an individual is already hospitalized for another condition. HAP is generally more serious because it develops in ill patients already hospitalized. Being on a ventilator for respiratory support increases the risk of acquiring HAP.
  • Other classification systems for pneumonia describe the way the inflammatory

cells infiltrate the lung tissue or the appearance of the affected tissue (see the following examples).

  • Bronchopneumonia causes scattered, patchy infiltrates of inflammation in the air sacs throughout the lungs. It is more diffuse than lobar pneumonia.
  • Lobar pneumonia causes an inflammation of one lobe of a lung and typically involves all the airspaces in a single lobe.
  • Lipoid pneumonia is characterized by the accumulation of fatswithin the airspaces. It can be caused by aspiration of oils or associated with airway
  • Sometimes, types of pneumonia are referred to by the type of organism that causes the inflammation, such as bacterial pneumonia, viral pneumonia, or fungal pneumonia. The specific organism name may also be used to describe the types of pneumonia, such as pneumococcal (Streptococcus pneumoniae) pneumonia or Legionella
  • Other types of pneumonia that are commonly referenced include the following:
  • Aspiration pneumonia develops as a result of inhaling food or drink, saliva, or vomit into the lungs. This occurs when the swallowing reflex is impaired, such as with brain injuryor in an intoxicated person.
  • Several types of bacteria, including Legionella pneumophilaMycoplasma pneumoniae, and Chlamydophilapneumoniae, cause atypical pneumonia. It is sometimes called “walkingpneumonia” and is referred to as atypical because its symptoms differ from those of other types of bacterial pneumonia.
  • Pneumonia that arises from being on a ventilator for respiratory support in the intensive-care setting is known as ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Causes of Pneumonia:

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae, a type of bacteria, is the most common cause of pneumonia.Legionella pneumophilais the bacterial type that causes the pneumonia known as Legionnaires’ disease. Other bacteria types that can cause pneumonia include the bacteria that cause so-called “atypical” pneumonia, Legionella pneumophilaMycoplasma pneumoniae, and Chlamydophila pneumonia.
  • The most common cause of viral pneumonia in adults is the influenza virus. A number of different respiratory viruses cause pneumonia in children, such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). While viral pneumonia tends to be less severe than bacterial pneumonia, there is a risk of developing secondary bacterial pneumonia when viral pneumonia is present. Other virus types that can cause pneumonia include emeaslesandvaricella (chickenpox) viruses. Rarely, certain viruses may develop lethal pneumonias such as SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) or MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome); both diseases are caused by different coronaviruses.
  • Fungi that cause pneumonia includeCryptococcus,Histoplasma, and Coccidioides. In most cases, these organisms don’t cause illness, but they can cause pneumonia in some people. Fungal infections are most common in those with weakened immune systems due toHIV/AIDS or those taking medications that suppress immune function. Another infection that is considered a fungal type of pneumonia is Pneumocystis jiroveci, formerly known as Pneumocystis carinii. This organism became known as a frequent cause of pneumonia in patients with HIV/AIDS. 

Symptoms and Signs of pneumonia

Symptoms and signs of pneumonia may be mild or severe and depend upon someone’s overall state of health as well as the type of organism causing the pneumonia. Severe symptoms include

  • Cough
  • Chest Painwhen breathing or coughing
  • Labored breathing or shortness of breath
  • Coughing up phlegm
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Nausea& vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Other possible symptoms that can accompany the respiratory symptoms.
  • Infants and newborns may not show specific symptoms of pneumonia.
  • Instead, they may appear restless or lethargic. They may have a fever or cough or vomit.
  • Older adults or those who have weak immune systems may also have fewer symptoms and a lower temperature.
  • A change in mental status, such as confusion, can develop in older adults with pneumonia.

Complications of Pneumonia:

  • There are a number of potential complications of pneumonia.
  • The infection that causes pneumonia can spread to the bloodstream, causing sepsis. Sepsis is a serious condition that can result in lowering of blood pressure and failure of oxygen to reach the tissues of the body..
  • Another complication is the accumulation of fluid in the space between the lung tissue and the chest wall lining, known as apleural effusion.
  • The organisms responsible for the pneumonia may infect the fluid in a pleural effusion, known as an empyema.
  • Pneumonia can also result in the formation of anabscess(collection of pus) within the lungs or airways.

CAUSES OF+

Blister

A blister is a bubble of fluid under the skin. The clear, watery liquid inside a blister is called serum. It leaks in from neighboring tissues as a reaction to injured skin. If the blister remains unopened, serum can provide natural protection for the skin beneath it. Small blisters are called vesicles. Those larger than half an inch are called bullae. A blood blister is filled with blood, rather than serum.

Causes of blisters

Blisters are most often caused by skin being damaged by friction or heat. Certain medical conditions also cause blisters to appear.

The damaged upper layer of skin (epidermis) tears away from the layers beneath and fluid (serum) collects in the space to create a blister.

Friction

Friction blisters are common in people who are very active, such as sports players and those in the military. They’re usually caused by poor-fitting shoes. A blister can develop if the skin is rubbed for a long period or if there’s intense rubbing over shorter periods.

Friction blisters often occur on the feet and hands, which can rub against shoes and handheld equipment, such as tools or sports equipment. Blisters also form more easily on moist skin and are more likely to occur in warm conditions.

Skin Reaction

Blisters can appear when skin is exposed to excessive heat – for example, when you have sunburn. Blisters can sometimes form when your skin comes into contact with substances such as cosmetics, detergents and solvents.

Medical Conditions

A number of medical conditions may cause blisters. The most common are:

  • Chickenpox:A childhood illness that causes itchy red spots.
  • Cold Sores:Small blisters that develop on the lips or around the mouth, caused by a virus.
  • Herpes:A sexually transmitted infection (STI)that most commonly affects the groin.
  • Impetigo:A contagious bacterial skin infection.
  • Pompholyx:A type of eczema.
  • Scabies:A skin condition, caused by tiny mites, which may lead to blisters developing on young children’s feet or palms of their hands.
  • Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease:A viral infection that usually affects young children.

Several Rarer Conditions Can also Cause Blisters.

They are

Bullous pemphigoid: A skin disease that causes large blisters and usually affects people over 60 years of age.

  • Pemphigus VulgarisA serious skin condition where blisters develop if pressure is applied to the skin; the blisters burst easily, leaving raw areas that can become infected.
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis: A skin condition that causes intensely itchy blisters, usually on the elbows, knees, back and buttocks; blisters usually develop in patches of the same shape and size on both sides of the body.
  • EpidermolysisBullosaA group of rare inherited skin disorders that cause the skin to become very fragile; any trauma or friction to the skin can cause painful blisters.
  • Chronic Bullous Dermatosis of Childhood: A condition that causes clusters of blisters to develop on the face, mouth or genitals.
  • Bullous IchthyosiformErythroderma: A type of icthyosis someone is born with, which causes inflamed, scaly skin with blisters.

Symptoms

In general, blisters are round or oval bubbles of fluid under the skin that may be painful or itchy, or they may not cause any symptoms. Symptoms vary depending on the cause.

  • Irritation, burns and allergies:Blisters caused by friction or burns are usually painful. Blisters resulting from eczema can be accompanied by redness, severe itching and small bumps on the affected skin.
  • Infections:When blisters are caused by an infection, the symptoms depend on the type of infection. Examples include:
  • Bullous impetigo:The affected skin can redden, and the blisters may burst easily.
  • Herpes simplex virus:When herpes simplex type 1 is the cause, the tiny blisters commonly are known as fever blisters or cold sores. They typically appear on the lips. The affected skin may itch, tingle, swell and become red before the blisters appear. When the blisters eventually break, they leak fluid, and then painful sores develop. Herpes simplex type 2 is the most common cause of genital herpes, a sexually transmitted infection (although type 1 also can cause genital herpes). Generally, small red bumps appear before blisters develop in the affected area, typically the vaginal area or penis, the buttocks and thighs, or the anus. Other symptoms can include fever, muscle aches, headache and burning with urination.
  • Varicella zoster virus: When this virus causes chickenpox, the infection starts with a diffuse, itchy rash that develops quickly into itchy blisters. Varicella zoster also can cause shingles (herpes zoster). People with shingles may experience small, painful blisters that usually erupt in a linear pattern along the length of an infected nerve.
  • Coxsackievirus: Coxsackievirus A16 can cause a condition commonly called hand-foot-and-mouth disease, in which painful blisters often occur on the hands, on the soles of the feet and in the mouth.
  • Skin diseases: Erythema multiforme typically causes blisters on the palms of the hands, the forearms, the soles of the feet, and on the mucous membranes in the eyes, nose, mouth and genitals. Other symptoms include fever, sore throat, cough and muscle pain. The autoimmune diseases (also known as bullous diseases because of the large blisters seen) vary in appearance as well. Dermatitis herpetiformis causes itchy, red bumps or blisters. Pemphigoid, an uncommon condition that primarily affects the elderly, results in large, itchy blisters, and pemphigus, an uncommon disease that tends to strike in middle age, causes blisters inside the mouth and on the surface of the skin. The blisters of pemphigus break easily and leave painful areas.